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The 7th Round of Iran-Austria Interreligious Dialogues

Ayatollah Mohaghegh Damad: Human does not enjoy absolute freedom regarding nature

The head of the Islamic department of Academy of Science of the Islamic Republic of Iran said: "From the viewpoint of Quran teachings, a human does not enjoy absolute freedom regarding the nature and his relationship with nature from one side is his right and his obligation from another side. He has the right to enjoy the nature but he has to preserve it too."
Ayatollah Seyed Mostafa Mohaghegh Damad, the head of the Islamic department of Academy of Science of the Islamic Republic of Iran, in the opening session of the 7th Round of Iran-Austria Interreligious Talks said: "Today, human came to this understanding that he can solve environmental crisis just by the help of religious beliefs and religions, specifically divine religions since these religions do not look at the world of existence one-sidedly. Their viewpoints are neither of mere materialism nor of sheer Idealism."
He continued: "Both schools of capitalism and socialism look at the world materialistically. From their materialistic viewpoint, these schools do not differ from each other to a great extent. They consider nature as a phenomenon that human must use it as a mean for enjoyment and achieve his materialistic pleasures. It is natural that in these schools, not only any respects and sacredness is considered for nature but also the respect regarded for it by religions from past to the present time is taken as superstition."
Ayatollah Mohaghegh in another part of his speech by stating that holy Quran states 5 principles in humans relationship with nature, regarding the philosophical interpretation of each of them said: "These principles are: One, nature is Gods creation so human must not bow down before it. Two, the world of nature is a sign of God and this sentence also necessitates a profound interpretation. Three, nature is a gift given in trust to the entire human beings by God and is not exclusively given to a specific generation. People are not entitled absolute freedom in using nature. Excessive use of nature by a generation is regarded "wasting" or violation to others rights. Four, the human is to preserve and flourishing nature. Five, deterioration in nature is a sign of enmity and standing against God."
This professor of the university and the religious school also said: "From the viewpoint of Quran teachings, a human does not enjoy absolute freedom regarding the nature and his relationship with nature from one side is his right and his obligation from another side. He has the right to use nature but he has to preserve it and protect it from deteriorating and has also to flourish it."
Finally, he said: "Deterioration on the Earth includes extensive meanings from Quran which are both materialistic and spiritual. Quran considered all immoralities as the Earths deterioration. Wars, blood-shedding, cruelties, and injustices are all taken as the Earths deterioration. Peace, friendship and appreciating human magnanimity are instances of the flourishing of the Earth."
This round of Talks is being held by the Centre for Interreligious Dialogue and Civilization of the Islamic Culture and Relations Organization under the title of "Human, Nature, and Freedom" with the presence some Christian and Muslim scholars from Iran and Austria during 19th and 20th of September.

 


13:33 - 20/09/2017    /    Number : 686308    /    Show Count : 28


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